IoT Wireless Protocols – Speed & Range – Spreadsheet

IoT Wireless Protocols - Speed & Range

wdt_ID Wireless technology / standard Data Rate Approximate Range
1 5G Low-band 5G (600 - 700 MHz) giving download speeds a little higher than 4G at the moment: 30-250 Mbps. Mid-band 5G (2.5-3.7 GHz) currently allowing speeds of 100-900 Mbps. High-band 5G (25 - 39 GHz and higher frequencies up to 80GHz) achieves, at the mom Range is correlated with frequency bands - low band 5G has similar range to 4G (tens of kilometers), Mid-band 5G has several km range. High-band 5G has hundreds of meters up to 1.5 km range.
2 ANT+ Alliance 12.8 Kbit/s - 60kbit/s ≈ 30m
3 Bluetooth ≈ 2Mbps ≈ 50m
4 BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) or Bluetooth Smart (Bluetooth 5, 4.2) <1Mbps ≈ (n x 100kbps) ≈ 100m
5 GSM/GPRS/EDGE (2G), UMTS/HSPA (3G), LTE (4G) Typical download: 35-170kps (GPRS), 120-384kbps (EDGE), 384Kbps-2Mbps (UMTS), 600kbps-10Mbps (HSPA), 3-10Mbps (LTE) ≈ 35km max for GSM and ≈ 200km max for HSPA
6 IEEE 802.15.4 ≈ 20 kbps and 40 kbps (BPSK ), ≈ 250 kbps (O-QPSK with DSSS) ≈ 100m
7 ISA100.11a ≈ 250 kbps ≈ 100m
8 6LoWPAN ≈ 250 kbps ≈ 100m
9 LoRaWAN ≈ 0.3-50 kbps ≈ 15km
10 EC-GSM-IoT 70 kbps (GSMK), 240 kbps (8PSK) ≈ 15km
11 LTE-MTC Cat 0 ≈ 1 Mbps Range is variable and depends on frequency bands, propagation conditions etc. typically it is ≈ 10km
12 LTE-M (Cat M1, Cat M2 ) - eMTC LTE-M Cat M1 ≈ 1 Mbps LTE-M Cat M2 ≈ 4 Mbps DL / ≈ 7 Mbps UL Range is variable and depends on frequency bands, propagation conditions etc. typically it is ≈ 10km
13 NB-IoT - Narrowband-IoT (LTE Cat NB1 and LTE Cat NB2) LTE Cat NB1 ≈ 66 kbps (multi-tone) and ≈ 16.9 Kbit/s (single-tone) LTE Cat NB2 ≈ 159kbps Range is variable and depends on frequency bands, propagation conditions etc. typically it is better than LTE-M coverage.
14 Neul up to 100kbps ≈ 10km
15 NFC 106kbps, 212kbps, 424kbps ≈ 10cm
16 RPMA (Random Phase Multiple Access) 100kb ≈ 70km
17 IEEE 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Different data rates are enabled in IEEE 802.11 family of standards and their theoretical throughput is 11 Mbps ( IEEE 802.11b), 54 Mbps (IEEE 802.11a and IEEE 802.11g), 100 Mbps (IEEE 802.11n) or 300 Mbps (IEEE 802.11ac). ≈ 50m
18 IEEE 802.11ah (Wi-Fi HaLow ) 347Mbps ≈ 900m
19 IEEE 802.16 (WiMax) 40Mbit/s - mobile, 1 Gbit/s - fixed ≈ 50km
20 HART 250 kbps ≈ 200m
21 Z-Wave 40kbps (915MHz) and 20kbps (868MHz) 30-100m
22 ZigBee 250 kbps (2.4GHz) 40kbps (915MHz) 20kbps (868MHz) 30-100m
23 Thread 250kbps ≈ 30m
24 DigiMesh 250 kbps (2.4) 40kbps (915) 20kbps (868) ≈ 100m
25 MiWi 20kbps ≈ 300m
26 EnOcean 125kbps ≈ 30m (outdoor 300m)
27 Weightless (W, N, P) ≈ 600bps-100kbps ≈ 2km (P), 5km (W, N)
28 mcThings 50kbps ≈ 200m
29 LoRa 50kbps ≈ 30km
30 SIGFOX 600bps ≈ 40km
31 DECT ULE 1Mbps ≈ 300m
32 Insteon 38400bps - via RF 13165bps - via powerlines ≈ 50m
33 RFID 4kbps - 640kbps (depending on the active or passive type of device and frequency range). 0.01m-10m (depending on the frequency range)
34 WAVIoT (NB-Fi - Narrowband Fidelity) 10-100bps ≈ 50km
35 DASH7 Alliance Protocol (D7A or D7AP) 167kbps ≈ 2km
36 Wi-SUN 300kbps ≈ 1000m
37 Wavenis 9.6kbps (433 & 868MHz) / 19.2kbps (915MHz) ≈ 1000m
38 MiOTY 407 bps ≈ 20km
Wireless technology / standard Data Rate Approximate Range
Marin Ivezic
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For over 30 years, Marin Ivezic has been protecting critical infrastructure and financial services against cyber, financial crime and regulatory risks posed by complex and emerging technologies.

He held multiple interim CISO and technology leadership roles in Global 2000 companies.